Unit 1

Passage A


With his promotion,he has taken on greater responsibilities.


He felt he did not have to make such a commitment to John any more.


Mary likes to go shopping in her spare time, as opposed to Lucy,who prefers to stay

at home reading.



At best he’s ambitious,and at worst a power-seeker without conscience or



We have striven to the full to convince him ,but we have made no headway.

Passage B


The popularity of Internet provides people with quick and convenient access to


2. 既然他不同意这个计划,再考虑此事就没有多大意义。

Since he doesn’t agree to this p lan, there is not much point in thinking about it

any more.


I haven't seen it myself, but it is supposed to be a very good film.

4. 如果你不努力,终将一事无成。

If you don't work hard, you'll end up nowhere.


It's up to the United States to take the initiative in banning nuclear weapons.

Unit 2

Passage A


He is no more fit to be a headmaster than any schoolboy would be.


As for her father ,she is not sure whether he will accept her and her baby.


Staying up late will undermine one’s health while going to bed early and getting

up early will benefit it.


The ambassador personally conveyed the president’s message to the premier.


The girl decided to open up and told the police what she had seen.

Passage B


Excessive exercise does more harm than good to one’s health. Therefore we must control the amount of exercise we do.

2. 他几次试图加入他们的谈话,但都由于胆小而放弃了。

He made a few attempts to join in their conversation, but he gave up out of timidness.


Trains cannot compete with planes in terms of convenience and speed.


Making a comparison between Chinese and American cultures will help you to better understand and adapt to your study environment in the USA.

5. 在公共车上年轻人给老弱病残让座是中国人的传统美德。

It is a traditional Chinese virtue for the young on buses to yield their seats to the old, the weak, the sick and the disabled.

Unit 3

Passage A


It is simply incredible for him to charge $500 for a haircut.


You are granted the privilege by people,so you should serve the people wholeheartedly.


The weather forecast is important so that we can decide when to launch out.


The sound of guns violated the usual calmness of Sunday morning, and people had a strong feeling that the war was coming.


Even though you read three pages per minute ,you will by no means finish the book by the end of this weekend.

Passage B


He can beat his rival easily without giving a second thought.

2. 在根本不懂驾驶的情况下,他居然把车开上了公路。

With little or no knowledge of driving, he drove the car on the road.


It is illegal to make an unauthorized change in the construction of the bridge.


I could accept this fact calmly because I knew if I were not able to finish the task, chances were that the team would be defeated.

5. 偏远山区里的孩子们严重缺乏科学文化知识。

Children in remote mountain areas are lacking in scientific and cultural knowledge.

Unit 4

Passage A


My grandfather’s interests range from playing chess to climbing mountains although he is 70 years old.


Surprisingly,Tom’s grandmother plays with dolls at the age of 80.


His selflessness and talent qualify him for the job most students dream to get.


What interpretation would you put on his odd/strange dream?


The brand-new car our boss has just brought is capable of making 200 kilometers an hour.

Passage B

1. 在董事会议上他建议把这项轻松的工作留给身体不好的玛丽来做。

He suggested at the board meeting that the easy task should be left to Mary whose health was poor.


Mr Brown, who is in Hong Kong now, has a lot of teaching experience and will come to teach our students in the spring.

3. 这家旅馆是我市最好的旅馆,吃得东西很好,服务质量也不错。

This is the best hotel in our city in which the food is good and the same is true of the service.

4. 为了吸引更多的乘客坐船,船长向所有乘客保证乘船旅行十分安全。

In order to attract more passengers, the captain assured all the passengers that it would be quite safe to travel by ship.

5. 他花了15万元买的那辆新车在一次事故中被严重损坏,已经无法修理了。

His new car, for which he had paid ¥150 000, was seriously damaged in an accident and was beyond repair

Unit 5

Passage A


The airplane they boarded soared out of sight right after it took off.


At the meeting , the two sides had a hot debate . The reformers put forward many reforming measures, but the conservatives were in opposition to the proposed changes.


In the long run , we should learn more about science and technology. Besides our major subjects, knowledge of computers ,English and driving is necessary for our work.


She dose gymnastic exercises four times a week in the quest to achieve the perfect body.


Every morning in the park , some old people are doing physical exercises there , chatting with each other at the same time

Passage B

1. 难道我们采取措施改变现在的局面不更好吗?

Won’t it be better if we take measures to change the present situ ation?


I did n’t give credit to him for such a skill. (I didn’t give cred it to him for such a skill.)

3. 虽然年纪老了,他们到现在都还一直在学英语。

They have been learning English up to now, though in their advanced age.


He has not been to school for seven days because of illness.

5. 孩子们又唱又跳地冲出教师。

The children ran out of the classroom, jumping and singing.

Unit 6

Passage A


She portrayed her childhood as a time of wonder and discovery.


Experiments showed that nonsmokers committed fewer errors than smokers.


Ball game fans are often highly regarded not for their own achievement , but through their connection to a tean that wins.


Despite the actors’ wonderful acting , the three-hour movie could not hold our attention.


Professor Wang is the only doctor whom I can rely on to save my son.

Passage B

1. 我们认为你的建议不恰当,应该放弃。

We don’t think your proposal is quite in place, so you should give it up.

2. 他到家时,发现家里只有一些破烂的家具。

When he arrived home, he found nothing but some broken furniture there.

3. 就这台发动机的状况而言,它能发动也是奇迹了。

Given the condition of the engine, it is a wonder that it even starts.


In terms of employment, the hotel industry is the second largest industry in this country.


Everyone in this country had the right to live where he wants to, regardless of the color of his skin.

Unit 7

Passage A


Although he said he had done a lot for the case , his success was at least in part due to luck.


The issue to be discussed is critical , because it will determine the future of many people.


I’ll try my best to avoid imposing my ideas on others.


Rarely can people face up to the defects in their own characters in that case.


College life is referred to as the most beautiful period of one’s life.

Passage B

1. 总的来讲,他是个很有学问的人,尤其是在数学领域。但当涉及到政治时他就什么也不知道了。

Generally speaking he is quite learned, especially in the field of mathematics. However, when it comes to politics, he knows nothing.

2. 从他们对1000名没有机会上大学的工人进行的调查结果来看,高考失利对他们的生活有着深远的影响。

According to the survey they made of the 1000 workers who missed out on the chance to go to university, their failure in the college entrance examinations had a profound effect on their later life.



Owing to cost rise, employers refuse to pay the retirement pension for their employees. On the flip side, employees are unwilling to stay in the same company for their whole lives.

4. 既然你已经告诉我谁应该对此事负责,我就不再作进一步追查了。

Since you’ve told me who should take responsibility for the matter, I will not pursue it any further.


I will try to set aside half an hour each day to do some exercise even in the busiest season.