全新版大学英语综合教程1课文对照翻译

When we are writing we are often told to keep our readers in mind, to shape what we say to fit their tastes and interests. But there is one reader in particular who should not be forgotten. Can you guess who? Russell Baker surprised himself and everyone else when he

discovered the answer.

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我们写作时常常被告诫,脑子里要有读者,笔者所云一定要符合读者的口味和

兴趣。但有一位读者特别不该忘记。你能猜出是谁吗?当拉塞尔·贝克找到这个问题的答案时,他自己和别人都感到大为惊讶。

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Writing for Myself

Russell Baker

1 The idea of becoming a writer had come to me off and on since my childhood in Belleville, but it wasn't until my third year in high school that the possibility took hold. Until then I've been bored by everything associated with English courses. I found English grammar dull and difficult. I hated the assignments to turn out long, lifeless paragraphs that were agony for teachers to read and for me to write.

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为自己而写

拉塞尔·贝克

从孩提时代,我还住在贝尔维尔时,我的脑子里就断断续续地转着当作家的念头,但直等到我高中三年级,这一想法才有了实现的可能。在这之前,我对所有跟英文课沾边的事都感到腻味。我觉得英文语法枯燥难懂。我痛恨那些长而乏味的段落写作,老师读着受累,我写着痛苦。

2 When our class was assigned to Mr. Fleagle for third-year English

I anticipated another cheerless year in that most tedious of subjects. Mr. Fleagle had a reputation among students for dullness and inability to inspire. He was said to be very formal, rigid and hopelessly out of date. To me he looked to be sixty or seventy and excessively prim.He wore primly severe eyeglasses, his wavy hair was primly cut and primly combed. He wore prim suits with neckties set primly against the collar buttons of his white shirts. He had a primly pointed jaw, a primly straight nose, and a prim manner of speaking that was so correct, so gentlemanly, that he seemed a comic antique.

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弗利格尔先生接我们的高三英文课时,我就准备着在这门最最单调乏味的课上再熬上沉闷的一年。弗利格尔先生在学生中以其说话干巴和激励学生无术而出名。据说他拘谨刻板,完全落后于时代。我看他有六七十岁了,古板之极。他戴着古板的毫无装饰的眼镜,微微卷曲的头发剪得笔齐,梳得纹丝不乱。他身穿古板的套装,领

带端端正正地顶着白衬衣的领扣。他长着古板的尖下巴,古板的直鼻梁,说起话来一本正经,字斟句酌,彬彬有礼,活脱脱一个滑稽的老古董。

3 I prepared for an unfruitful year with Mr. Fleagle and for a long time was not disappointed. Late in the year we tackled the informal essay. Mr. Fleagle distributed a homework sheet offering us a choice of topics. None was quite so simple-minded as "What I Did on My Summer Vacation," but most seemed to be almost as dull. I took the list home and did nothing until the night before the essay was due. Lying on the sofa, I finally faced up to the unwelcome task, took the list out of my notebook, and scanned it. The topic on which my eye stopped was "The Art of Eating Spaghetti".

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我作好准备,打算在弗利格尔先生的班上一无所获地混上一年,不少日子过去了,还真不出所料。后半学期我们学写随笔小品文。弗利格尔先生发下一张家庭作业纸,出了不少题目供我们选择。像"暑假二三事"那样傻乎乎的题目倒是一个也没有,但绝大多数一样乏味。我把作文题带回家,一直没写,直到要交作业的前一天晚上。我躺在沙发上,最终不得不面对这一讨厌的功课,便从笔记本里抽出作文题目单粗粗一看。我的目光落在"吃意大利细面条的艺术"这个题目上。

4 This title produced an extraordinary sequence of mental images. Vivid memories came flooding back of a night in Belleville when all of us were seated around the supper table - Uncle Allen, my mother, Uncle Charlie, Doris, Uncle Hal - and Aunt Pat served spaghetti for supper. Spaghetti was still a little known foreign dish in those days. Neither Doris nor I had ever eaten spaghetti, and none of the adults had enough experience to be good at it. All the good humor of Uncle Allen's house

reawoke in my mind as I recalled the laughing arguments we had that night about the socially respectable method for moving spaghetti from plate to mouth.

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这个题目在我脑海里唤起了一连串不同寻常的图像。贝尔维尔之夜的清晰的

回忆如潮水一般涌来,当时,我们大家一起围坐在晚餐桌旁——艾伦舅舅、我母亲、查理舅舅、多丽丝、哈尔舅舅——帕特舅妈晚饭做的是意大利细面条。那时意大利细面条还是很少听说的异国食品。多丽丝和我都还从来没吃过,在座的大人也是经验不足,没有一个吃起来得心应手的。艾伦舅舅家诙谐有趣的场景全都重现在我的脑海中,我回想起来,当晚我们笑作一团,争论着该如何地把面条从盘子上送到嘴里才算合乎礼仪。

5 Suddenly I wanted to write about that, about the warmth and good feeling of it, but I wanted to put it down simply for my own joy, not

for Mr. Fleagle. It was a moment I wanted to recapture and hold for myself. I wanted to relive the pleasure of that evening. To write it as I wanted, however, would violate all the rules of formal composition I'd learned in school, and Mr. Fleagle would surely give it a failing grade. Never mind. I would write something else for Mr. Fleagle after I had written this thing for myself.

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突然我就想描述那一切,描述当时那种温馨美好的气氛,但我把它写下来仅仅

是想自得其乐,而不是为弗利格尔先生而写。那是我想重新捕捉并珍藏在心中的一个时刻。我想重温那个夜晚的愉快。然而,照我希望的那样去写,就会违反我在学校

里学的正式作文的种种法则,弗利格尔先生也肯定会打它一个不及格。没关系。等我为自己写好了之后,我可以再

为弗利格尔先生写点什么别的东西。

6 When I finished it the night was half gone and there was no time left to compose a proper, respectable essay for Mr. Fleagle. There was no choice next morning but to turn in my tale of the Belleville supper. Two days passed before Mr. Fleagle returned the graded papers, and he returned everyone's but mine. I was preparing myself for a command to report to Mr. Fleagle immediately after school for discipline when I saw him lift my paper from his desk and knock for the class's attention.

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等我写完时已是半夜时分,再没时间为弗利格尔先生写一篇循规蹈矩、像模像样的文章了。第二天上午,我别无选择,只好把我为自己而写的贝尔维尔晚餐的故事交了上去。两天后弗利格尔先生发还批改过的作文,他把别人的都发了,就是没有我的。我正准备着遵命一放学就去弗利格尔先生那儿挨训,却看见他从桌上拿起我的作文,敲了敲桌子让大家注意听。

7 "Now, boys," he said. "I want to read you an essay. This is titled, 'The Art of Eating Spaghetti.'"

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"好了,孩子们,"他说。"我要给你们念一篇小品文。文章的题目是:吃意大利

细面条的艺术。"

8 And he started to read. My words! He was reading my words out loud to the entire class. What's more, the entire class was listening. Listening attentively. Then somebody laughed, then the entire class was laughing, and not in contempt and ridicule, but with open-hearted enjoyment. Even Mr. Fleagle stopped two or three times to hold back a small prim smile.

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于是他开始念了。是我写的!他给全班大声念我写的文章。更不可思议的是,

全班同学都在听着他念,而且听得很专心。有人笑出声来,接着全班都笑了,不是轻蔑嘲弄,而是乐乎乎地开怀大笑。就连弗利格尔先生也停顿了两三次,好抑制他那一丝拘谨的微笑。

9 I did my best to avoid showing pleasure, but what I was feeling was pure delight at this demonstration that my words had the power to make people laugh. In the eleventh grade, at the eleventh hour as it were, I had discovered a calling. It was the happiest moment of my

entire school career. When Mr. Fleagle finished he put the final seal on my happiness by saying, "Now that, boys, is an essay, don't you see.

It's - don't you see - it's of the very essence of the essay, don't you see. Congratulations, Mr. Baker."

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我尽力不流露出得意的心情,但是看到我写的文章竟然能使别人大笑,我真是

心花怒放。就在十一年级,可谓是最后的时刻,我找到了一个今生想做的事。这是我整个求学生涯中最幸福的一刻。弗利格尔先生念完后说道:"瞧,孩子们,这就是小品

文,懂了没有。这才是——知道吗——这才是小品文的精髓,知道了没有。祝贺你,贝克先生。"他这番话使

我沉浸在十全十美的幸福之中。

COPYRIGHT ? 2006 SHANGHAI FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION PRESS

How do you feel when old friends are far away? Do you make an

effort to keep in touch? Sometimes it is easy to put off writing a letter, thinking that there will be plenty of time tomorrow. But then sometimes, as this story shows, we leave it too late. Perhaps reading it will make you want to reach for your pen.

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老朋友天各一方,你心有何感?你是否努力保持联系?有时候写信的事很容易会一拖再拖,总以为明天有的是时间。然而,正如这则故事所表明的,有时我们拖得太晚了。也许读一读这个故事会让你提起笔来。

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All the Cabbie Had Was a Letter Foster Furcolo

1 He must have been completely lost in something he was reading because I had to tap on the windshield to get his attention.

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出租车司机拥有的就剩一封信

福斯特·弗克洛

他准是完全沉浸在所读的东西里了,因为我不得不敲挡风玻璃来引起他的注意。

2 "Is your cab available?" I asked when he finally looked up at me. He nodded, then said apologetically as I settled into the back seat,

"I'm sorry, but I was reading a letter." He sounded as

if he had a cold or something.

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他总算抬头看我了。“你出车吗?”我问道。他点点头,当我坐进后座时,他抱歉地说:“对不起,我在读一封信。”听上去他像是得了感冒什么的。

3 "I'm in no hurry," I told him. "Go ahead and finish your letter."

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“我不着急,”我对他说,“你接着把信读完吧。”

4 He shook his head. "I've read it several times already. I guess I almost know it by heart."

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他摇了摇头。“我已经读了好几遍了。我想我都能背出来了。”

5 "Letters from home always mean a lot," I said. "At least they do with me because I'm on the road so much." Then, estimating that he was 60 or 70 years old, I guessed: "From a child or maybe a grandchild?"

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“家书抵万金啊,”我说。“至少对我来说是这样,因为我老是在外旅行。”我估量他有六七十岁了,便猜测说:“是孩子还是孙子写来的?”

6 "This isn't family," he replied. "Although," he went on, "come to think of it, it might just as well have been family. Old Ed was my oldest friend. In fact, we used to call each other 'Old Friend' -- when we'd meet, that is. I'm not much of a hand at writing."

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“不是家里人,”他回答说。“不过,”他接着说,“想起来,也可以算是一家人了。埃德老伙计是我最老的朋友了。实际上,过去我俩总是以‘老朋友’相称的——就是说,当我俩相见时。我这人就是不大会写东西。”

7 "I don't think any of us keep up our correspondence too well," I said. "I know I don't.But I take it he's someone you've known quite a while?"

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“我看大家写信都不那么勤快,”我说,“我自己笔头就很懒。我看,你认识他挺久了吧?”

8 "All my life, practically. We were kids together, so we go way back."

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“差不多认识了一辈子了。我俩小时候就一起玩,所以我俩的友谊确实很长了。”

9 "Went to school together?"

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“一起上的学?”

10 "All the way through high school. We were in the same class, in fact, through both grade and high school."

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“都一起上到高中呢。事实上,我俩从小学到高中都在一个班里。”

11 "There are not too many people who've had such a long friendship," I said.

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“保持这么长久友谊的人可真不多见啊,”我说。

12 "Actually," the driver went on, "I hadn't seen him more than once or twice a year over the past 25 or 30 years because I moved away from the old neighborhood and you kind of lose touch even though you never forget. He was a great guy."

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“其实呢,”司机接着说,“近25到30年来,我跟他一年只见一两次面,因为我从原来住的街区搬了出来,联系自然就少了,虽说你一直放在心上。他在的时候可真是个大好人。”

13 "You said 'was'. Does that mean -?"

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“你刚才说他‘在的时候’。你是说——?”

14 He nodded. "Died a couple of weeks ago."

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他点了点头。“前几个星期过世啦。”

15 "I'm sorry," I said. "It's no fun to lose any friend -- and losing a real old one is even tougher."

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“真遗憾,”我说,“失去朋友真不是个滋味,失去个真正的老朋友更让人受不了。”

16 He didn't reply to that, and we rode on in silence for a few minutes. But I realized that Old Ed was still on his mind when he spoke again, almost more to himself than to me: "I should have kept in touch. Yes," he repeated, "I should have kept in touch."

他开着车,没有接话儿。我们沉默了几分钟。可我知道他还在想着老埃德。他又开口时,与其说是跟我说话,还不如说是自言自语:“我真该一直保持联系。真的,”他重复道,“我真该一直保持联系。”

17 "well," I agreed, "We should all keep in touch with old friends more than we do. But things come up and we just don't seem to find the time."

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“是啊,”我表示赞同,“我们都该与老朋友保持更多的联系。不过总是有事情冒出来,好像就是抽不出空来。”

18 He shrugged. "We used to find the time," he said. "That's even mentioned in the letter." He handed it over to me. "Take a look."

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他耸了耸肩。“我们过去总能抽出空来,”他说。“信里还提到呢。”他把信

递给我,“你看看吧。”

19 "Thanks," I said, "but I don't want to read your mail. That's pretty personal."

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“谢谢你,”我说,“不过我不想读你的信。这纯属私事。”

20 The driver shrugged. "Old Ed's dead. There's nothing personal now. Go ahead," he urged me.

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司机耸一耸肩。“老埃德人都死了。没什么私事不私事了。看吧,”他催促

说。

21 The letter was written in pencil. It began with the greeting "Old Friend,"and the first sentence reminded me of myself. I've been meaning to write for some time, but I've always postponed it. It then went on to say that he often thought about the good times they had had together when they both lived in the same neighborhood. It had

references to things that probably meant something to the driver, such

as the time Tim Shea broke the window, the Halloween that we tied Old Mr. Parker's gate, and when Mrs. Culver used to keep us after school.

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信是用铅笔写的。称呼写着“老朋友”,而开头第一句话让我想到自己。“早就想写信了,可就是一拖再拖。”信里接着写道,他常常回想从前两人住在一个街区时的快乐时光。信里提到些事,可能对司机很重要,比如“那次蒂姆·谢打破窗子,那年万圣节前夕,我们把老帕克先生的大门拴了起来,还有卡尔弗太太老是在放学后把咱俩留下训斥的那阵子”。

22 "You must have spent a lot of time together," I said to him.

“你们俩准是在一起度过了不少时光,”我对他说。

23"Like it says there," he answered, "about all we had to spend in those days was time." He shook his head: "Time."

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“就跟信里写的那样,”他回答说,“我俩在那个时候能花的只有时间。”他

摇头叹道:“时间啊。”

24 I thought the next paragraph of the letter was a little sad: I began the letter with "Old Friend" because that's what we've become over the years--old friends. And there aren't many of us left.

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信里接下来的那段我觉得有点凄凉:“信的开头我写着‘老朋友’,因为这么

多年来,我们这对老朋友渐渐都老了。我们这些人当中留下的也不多了。”

25 "You know," I said to him, "When it says here that there aren't many of us left, that's absolutely right. Every time I go to a class reunion, for example, there are fewer and fewer still around."

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“你要知道,”我对他说,“信里说我们这些人当中留下的不多了,说得一点不错。比如说,每次我去参加老同学聚会,来的人总是越来越少。”

26 "Time goes by," the driver said.

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“时间不饶人啊,”司机说。

27 "Did you two work at the same place?" I asked him.

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“你们俩以前在一起工作吗?”我问他。

28 "No, but we hung out on the same corner when we were single. And then, when we were married, we used to go to each other's house every now and then. But for the last 20 or 30 years it's been mostly just Christmas cards. Of course there'd be always a note we'd each add to the cards--usually some news about our families, you know, what the kids were doing, who moved where, a new grandchild, things like that--but never a real letter or anything like that."

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“不,不过没成家时我俩总在一起闲荡。后来,两人都成了家,就不时相互串门。可最近这二三十年来,主要就是寄寄圣诞卡了。当然,我俩都总在卡上写几句——通常是关

于各自家里的情况,不是吗,孩子们在干些什么,谁搬到哪儿,添了个小孙子,都是这类事——可一直都没正儿八经地写过信什么的。”

29 " This is a good part here," I said. "Where it says Your friendship over the years has meant an awful lot to me, more than I can say because I'm not good at saying things like that."I found myself nodding in agreement. "That must have made you feel good, didn't it?"

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“这一处写得好,”我说,“这里写道:‘你多年的友谊对我非常重要,远比我能说出来的重要得多,因为我不擅长说这样的话。’”我颔首称是。“这话准让你听着开心,是吧?”

30 The driver said something that I couldn't understand because he seemed to be all choked up, so I continued: "I know I'd like to receive a letter like that from my oldest friend."

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司机说了句什么,可我没听明白,因为他似乎哽噎得厉害。于是我接着说:“我也真想收到这样一封老朋友的来信。”

31 We were getting close to our destination so I skipped to the last paragraph. So I thought you'd like to know that I was thinking of you. And it was signed, Your Old Friend, Tom.

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我们快到目的地了,于是我跳到最后一段。“因此我想你一定想知道我惦记着你。”信末署名:“老朋友汤姆”。

32 I handed back the letter as we stopped at my hotel. "Enjoyed talking with you,"I said as I took my suitcase out of the cab. Tom? The letter was signed Tom?

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我们在我的旅店前停下,我把信递了回去。“很高兴能和你聊聊,”我将衣箱从车上提下时说。汤姆?信的署名是汤姆?

33 "I thought your friend's name was Ed," I said. "Why did he sign it Tom?"

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“我记得你朋友叫埃德,”我说,“为什么他署名汤姆呢?”

34 "The letter was not from Ed to me," he explained. "I'm Tom. It's

a letter I wrote to him before

I knew he'd died. So I never mailed it."

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“这封信不是汤姆写给我的,”他解释说,“我是汤姆。这是我在得知他去世前写给他的信。所以我一直没寄出。”

35 He looked sort of sorrowful, or as if he were trying to see something in the distance. "I guess

I should have written it sooner."

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他神情有点悲伤,似乎想看清远处什么东西。“我想我真该早些写这封信。”

36 When I got to my hotel room I didn't unpack right away. First I had to write a letter - and mail it.

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我进了旅馆房间之后,没有马上打开箱包。首先我得写封信——而且要寄出去。COPYRIGHT ? 2006 SHANGHAI FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION PRESS

Professor Hawking thinks it important to keep everybody in touch with what science is about. In this article he explains why.

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霍金教授认为使每个人都了解科学是干什么的非常重要。在这篇文章中,他对其中的缘由作了解释。

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Public Attitudes Toward Science Stephen Hawking

1 Whether we like it or not, the world we live in has changed a great deal in the last hundred years, and it is likely to change even more in the next hundred. Some people would like to stop these changes and go back to what they see as a purer and simpler age. But as history shows, the past was not that wonderful. It was not so bad for a privileged minority, though even they had to

do without modern medicine, and childbirth was highly risky for women. But for the vast majority of the population, life was nasty, brutish, and short.

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公众科学观

斯蒂芬·霍金

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