U2 Listening 1-1
A: The main topic of the talk about the difficulties of protecting both animals and their habitats. 对话谈论的主要话题是保护动物及其栖息地的困难。
B: Dialogue to guide the beginning of the extinction of the dusky seaside sparrow.
And the birds that lived one place-on Merritt Island in Florida have become extinct because of the people use of chemicals, and the development and use of wetlands, which have lost their habitat.
C: The situation with the dusky seaside sparrow makes one thing very clear. We need to protect endangered animals. However, it’s a better strategy to protect the animals and their habitats, too. After all, if an animal’s habitat is destroyed, the animal will likely become extinct.
D: That’s why the Endangered Species Act, which was passed in the United States in 1973, protects both endangered animals and their habitats. For example, the steelhead trout in Washington state.
E: In fact, that’s what makes the Endangered Species Act difficult to fully enforce. There’s an ongoing conflict between some landowners and the government. for example,Then in 1973, the gray wolves came under the protection of the Endangered Species Act, but this angered ranchers. They feel law violates their rights.
A: Right now，Unfortunately, the situation is worse than in 1973. over 1,300 species in the United States are listed as endangered or threatened. Since 1973 only 39 species removed from list, but only 14 removed because they recovered; 9 became extinct, others listed by mistake.Meanwhile 300more species may soon be added to list.So, Even with the ESA in place, not making much progress.