1. Although the development of antibiotics has been of incalculable benefit to mankind, it
has also given rise to serious complications.
2. The widespread use of antibiotics has resulted in the natural evolution of strains of
disease germs which are resistant to such medications.
3. A new multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, now prevalent in the world, causes serious
infections that may not respond to chemotherapy.
4. Some antibiotics are effective against a large range of microorganisms, they are,
therefore, known as broad-spectrum antibiotics.
5. Some drugs may not cause physical dependence, or addiction, but many persons do
become habituated to their use.
6. Drug abuse is thought of as the misuse of drugs potentially harmful to the individual
user or to society.
7. Many persons, believing that antibiotics can cure any disease, press their doctors for a
dose of penicillin for such virus ailment as influenza.
8. Addiction is the body’s continued need for drug s because of their physiological effects
after they are first taken.
9. In comparison, the inadequacies and potential dangers of antibiotics are much less
10. Antibiotics are used so carelessly around the world that they are creating a new health
threat to mankind.
Vitamins ---- Translation
1. Researchers found that the level of vitamin C stored in the body of the victim with a
common cold fell drastically and was close to the level of people suffering from scurvy.
2. Minor degrees of vitamin C deficiency are common, though outright scurvy only occur
when the diet is markedly deficient in fresh fruits and vegetables.
3. Vitamins are organic compounds that must be supplied in the diet or injected into the
body to maintain health.
4. Vitamins produce no energy but play an essential role in the transformation of energy
and in the regulation of metabolism.
5. Vitamins are classified/distinguished by the letters of the alphabet, such as vitamins A, C,
D, E, K and the B-complex.
6. Vitamins and minerals are found in small amounts and are needed in minute quantities,
as compared with the other nutrients.
7. The diseases which develop from the absence of vitamins are known as vitamin
deficiency diseases. For example, a lack of vitamin A brings about night blindness; a