Module2 Developing and Developed Countries
The Human Development Report
In the year 2000, 147 world leaders 1 to work together 2 poverty by 2015 or earlier. From the agreement 3 the Human Development Report.
One of the most important sections of this report is the Human Development Index. This examines the 4 of 175 countries. The Index 5 a country’s achievements in three ways: life expectancy, education and 6 . The index has some 7 . Norway is _8_ the top of the list, while the US is at number 7. The UK is in the thirteenth position, 9 China is in the middle of the list. The bottom ten countries are all American countries, 10 Sierra Leone at the bottom.
The 2003 Human Development Report gives examples of successful development. 11, in nine years, China increased life expectancy by 13 years. In the last ten years in China, 150 million people 12 poverty. However, the challenges are still great. Everyday 799 million people in developing counties are hungry. Over half of these are in South Asia or Africa. 13 more than 80% of children in developing countries go to primary school, about 115 million children are not being 14 . More than 1 billion people in developing countries don’t drink safe water. But in other regions of the world, water is now mostly 15 to drink.
The report shows that we are making some 16 , but that we need to make greater efforts. Although developed countries give some 17 help, they need to give much more. 18 , the countries 19 give the most money are the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden. These are among the five richest countries in the world, so it is right that they 20 do so.
1. A. agreed B. exchanged C. adapted D.
2. A. reducing B. being reduced C. to be reduced D. to reduce
3. A. come B. came C. comes D. has come
4. A. paces B. achievements C. measures D. improvements
5. A. increases B. measures C. lists D. arises