大学英语综合教程1课后答案

The Answers to Unit 1

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(I) Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) obtain (2) confident (3) communicate (4) advantage

(5) relevant (6) helpful (7) extreme (8) enjoyable

(9) means (10) process (11) particularly (12) characters

(13) astonished (14) apparently

3. (1) fond of (2) is...related to (3) according to

(4) To a certain degree (5) vice versa (6) no doubt

(7) rid... of (8) cleared up (9) or else

(10) at all costs (11) sure enough (12) let alone

(13) similar to (14) It's no use (15) in my opinion (16) was worth

(II) Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) c (2) d (3) b (4) b (5) b (6) d

2. (1) highly/very (2) quite/very (3) quite/very/increasingly (4) quite/simply/very

3.

Adverbs

Adjectives

efficiently

efficient

particularly

particular

fluently

fluent

quickly

quick

cheaply

cheap

continually

continual

probably

probable adventurously adventurous

finally

final

steadily

steady

slowly

slow

solemnly

solemn

really

real

apparently

apparent

tentatively

tentative

exactly

exact

4. No Mistake especial→ especially necessarily → necessary

frequent → frequently

No Mistake

easily → easy

No Mistake

individually → individual

much → many

high → highly

apparently → apparent

remarkably → remarkable

probable → probably

No Mistake

(III) Grammar

Task 1:

(1) would/should (2) should/would (3) might (4) would

(5) must (6) can't (7) should would (8) must

Task 2:

(1) We passed the afternoon very pleasantly, roller-skating in the sun and talking about our childhood under a tree. / The afternoon passed very pleasantly, while we roller-skated in the sun and talked about our childhood under a tree.

(2) On entering the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd. / When

I

entered the lecture hall, I was surprised at the size of the crowd.

(3) When I was only a small boy, my father took me to Beijing and we had a lot of

fun together.

(4) To write well, a person must read good books.

(IV) Cloze

(1) doubt (2) efficient (3) where (4) advantage (5) afford (6) claim

(7) fluently (8) qualified (9) extent (10) ridiculous (11) perfect (12) as

(13) because (14) individual

(V) Translation

1. Translate the sentences

(1) The baby can't even crawl yet, let alone walk.

(2) Will claimed he was dining with a group of friends at the time of the murder, but in my opinion he told a lie.

(3) To a certain extent the speed of reading is closely related to reading skills; and with reading skills you can cope with outside class reading better.

(4) According to the regulation/rule, they both can play the game/participate in the game.

(5) Some people assume that there is a Chinese equivalent for every Japanese word.

(6) We have passed all the relevant information on to the police.

(7) There/ It is no use asking me any more questions about that matter because I won't

answer.

(8) It was a mistake on Jim's part to sign the contract without reading it carefully.

(9) They refused to provide us with all the information we need.

(10) This accident is very similar to the one that happened three years ago.

(11) The film is based on a play by/ of Shakespeare.

(12) If you have a good command/ mastery of English and computer skills, you will surely have an advantage over others in finding a job/ in job-hunting.

2. Translate the paragraph

近年来英语教学法有了很大的改变,但是还是有大量的教学活动建立在行为主义心理学

基础之上。那些信奉行为主义心理学理论的教师热衷于让学生复述短语,并迫使学生做一些

只需不断更换句中某个词的练习。假如我们是鹦鹉或黑猩猩,那么这些方法或许能奏效。但

我们不是。人类的语言交际必须是真实、有意义的。

The Answers to Unit 2

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(VI) Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) create (2) conflict (3) involved (4) overcame

(5) have survived (6) attend (7) frowned (8) wander

(9) guilty (10) sustained (11) survey (12) awkward

(13) recall (14) terrified (15) insurance (16) Adapting

3. (1) was sick of (2) choking back (3) Compared with

(4) settled into (5) would give anything (6) in the midst of

(7) in his own right (8) on my own (9) fit in with

(10) grew apart from (11) No wonder (12) staying up

(13) was annoyed with (14) was scared of (15) in trouble (16) For instance (VII) Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) possessive (2) overprotective (3) frustrated (4) possessive

(5) lenient strict (6) rebellious (7) frustrated (8) restless

(9) stubborn

2. (1) survey (2) sustain (3) attend (4) terrify (5) wrap (6) recall

3.

Words Suffixes Adjectives Chinese meaning danger

-ous dangerous

危险的

irony

-y→-ic

ironic

具有讽刺意味的fury

-y→-ious furious

暴怒的

industry

-y→-ious industrious

勤劳的

joy

-ous

joyous

(令人)高兴的ambition

-ion→-ious ambitious

有抱负的;有野心的

fame

-e→-ous

famous

著名的

hero

-ic

heroic

英勇的

adventure

-e→-ous

adventurous

喜欢冒险的

4. (1) dangerous (2) ironic (3) fury (4) heroic (5) adventure fame

(VIII) Grammar

Task 2:

1. × (argue with each other)

2. × (The accident happened....)

3. × (enjoy it)

4. √

5. √

6. × (shouted at)

7. √

8. √

Task 3:

Verbs

Transitive

Intransitive

Sample Sentences

settle

1.He finally managed to settle the problem.

2.He settle down in a small seaside village. change

1.You have changed my life.

2.Do you think Jane has changed a lot? agree

I agree with you.

panic

1.The thunder panicked the horse.

2.Don't panic in the face of emergencies. pass

1.The congress passed the bill.

2.He passed by without greeting me.

explain

1.Let me explain the problem to you.

2.Don't be angry. I can explain.

attend

1.You can attend the meeting.

2.Please attend to the details.

follow

1.Do not follow me.

2.Whatever I do, he will just follow.

(IX) Cloze

(1) beamed (2) honorable (3) awkward (4) protested (5) complaints

(6) compliments (7) stubborn (8) frowned (9) recall (10)panicked

(11) insurance (12) surveyed (13) groaning (14) recognition

(X) Translation

1. Translate the sentences

1) Many teachers frowned on this practice.

2) An old man glared at me when I was trying to cut across the lawn.

3) When I mentioned my father, she showed a smile of recognition on her face.

4) My firstborn was quite obedient, whereas my younger child was very stubborn. I

can still recall now how the younger child insisted on going abroad to study after he finished his secondary school.

5) Countries in South East Asia sustained great losses when the tsunami struck the

area.

6) Every time the mother tries to compare the younger brother with his elder brother,

the younger one will protest.

7) He found himself unable to fit in with his classmates when he first came to this

school.

8) The fury on her face terrified me. I dared not say no to her again.

9) No wonder you ended up in trouble. You never followed your parents' advice.

10) It took him two years to adapt to the new environment.

2. Translate the paragraph

我还是个婴儿的时候,我的父母就搬到了佛蒙特州。我那温文尔雅的父亲在

那儿的一个小镇上毫不张扬地开业行医了。很快,他就赢得了当地人对他的尊敬。

我每到一处,也被人尊称为埃普利医生的儿子。一开始我很高兴同学和老师们因

为我有一个受人尊敬的父亲而善待我,但随着我的长大,事情起了变化。我开始

讨厌父亲的好名声像影子一样跟着我。我要独立。我变得顽固倔强又反叛,还开

始对我父亲直呼其名,令他伤透了心。但有一天,发生了一件事令我的态度彻底

改变了。

The Answers to Unit 3

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XI) Working with Words and Expressions

1. (1) reveals (2) behaving (3) handle (4) influenced

(5) satisfied (6) entertain (7) inherit (8) affect

(9) confronted (10) sought (11) isolated (12) restrict

(13) optimistic (14) selfish (15) sensitive

2. (1) summed up (2) have an impact on (3) respond to (4) In general (5) falls into (6) at work (7) shut off from (8) in control of (9) free from (10) in good shape

3. (2) combination (3) seek (4) specific (5) restrict (6) vary

(7) expand (8) growth (9) company (10) dominate (11) opportunity

(XII) Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) aggressive, sarcastic, harsh, negative

(2) magical, mystical

(3) negative, critical

(4) magical, outgoing, optimistic

(5) intellectual

2. (1) Evidently (2) individually (3) absolutely

(4) consistently/evidently/absolutely (5) Consequently

(6) mentally, physically (7) probably/absolutely (8) eagerly enthusiastically (9) easily (10) Normally

3.

adjective

noun

verb

distinctive

distinction

-

reflective

reflection

reflect

aggressive

aggression

-

creative

creation

create

negative

negation

negate

defensive

defense

defend

possessive

possession

possess

submissive

submission

submit

sensitive

-

sensitize

(1) submissive (2) aggressive (3) possession (4) created (5) negative (6) defense (7) sensitive

(XIII) Grammar

Task 1: (1) all (2) many (3) a (4) much (5) some (6) every (7) an (8) any Task 2:

Mistakes

Corrections

1) much (L.2)

many

2) plenty (L.3)

many, all

3) a (L.4)

an

4) any (L.5)

all

5) few (L.7)

little

6) every (L.7)

7) a (L.9)

8) any (L.10)

9) little (L.11)

few

10) some (L.12)

any

11) a (L.13)

some

(XIV) Cloze

(1) indicate (2) responds (3) reflect (4) absolutely (5) preference

(6) harsh (7) specific (8) traits (9) individual (10) immature

(11) effort (12) persistent (13) achieve (14) inherits

(XV) Translation

1. Translate the sentences

11) William likes the girl a lot so he tries very hard to impress her and is optimistic

that he will win her heart.

12) He is very creative and has a good vision of the future, but he likes to keep things

to himself.

13) They came from a poor village where people were shut off from modern civilization.

14) We must work hard and make an effort to achieve the goals that we have set.

15) We should learn to be content with all that we have and should not be too critical

about things around us.

16) They often represent our school in debating competitions; tonight we will throw a

party to celebrate their success.

17) Through reading, not only has he expanded his horizon, he has also learned to

keep improving his character.

18) Two policemen sacrificed their lives in order to save that girl from the fire.

19) A stable relationship without conflicts between husband and wife benefits the children in the family.

2. Translate the paragraph

虽然有许多关于性格的理论,但是任何一个都没有绝对地对错之分,因为每

个心理学家对性格的观点都有所不同。所以,除非某个人已有明显的症状,否则

很难断定这个人患有精神疾病。心里学家普遍认可绝大多数人是因为过度的压力

才引起情感和精神上的疾病。所以重要的是人们要去寻找可以让自己放松、开心

的方法。

(XVI) Enjoy English

Across: 1. optimistic 2. opportunity 3. expand 4. represent 5. mature Down: 6.outgoing 7.consistently 8.intellectual 9.primary 10.inherit 11.affect The Answers to Unit 4

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XVII) Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) exclaimed (2) arrange (3) aroused (4) resembles

(5) volunteered (6) appreciate (7) requires (8) cracked

(9) miracle (10) victims (11) precious (12) delicate

(13) expected (14) interviewed

3. (1) take over (2) get through (3) no way (4) Leave off

(5) put...together (6) in touch with (7) No sooner...than (8) in advance (9) looking forward to (10) arrange for (11) in contrast (12) took on

(13) made sure (14) move in (15) in the hands of (16) go with (17) in poverty (XVIII) Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) commission (2) smashed (3) smash (4) volunteered

(5) spill (6) crash (7) contrast (8) commission

(9) spilt (10) volunteer (11) contrasts (12) crashed

2. (1) e (2) e (3) a (4) a (5) c (6) d

3. (1) happy (2) impulsive (3) carelessness (4) calmness (5) firm (6) illness (7) awareness (8) weakness (9) submissive

(XIX) Grammar

Task 2:

No Mistake

has lived → has been living

enjoyed → enjoys

No Mistake

have tried → tried

No Mistake

No Mistake

No Mistake

visit → have been visiting

has been liking → likes

got → had I got

broke → had broken

No Mistake

No Mistake

had suffered → was suffering

No Mistake

received → have been receiving

No Mistake

has insisted on → insisted

No Mistake

No Mistake

(XX) Cloze

(1) chilly (2) sooner (3) than (4) exclaimed (5) fabric

(6) delicate (7) joints (8) that (9) miracle (10) sacrificed

(11) precious (12) loving

(XXI) Translation

1. Translate the sentences

20) Let's get in touch as soon as we know the results of the test / exam.

21) The music aroused an intense feeling of homesickness in him.

22) You've been working all morning - you deserve a rest now.

23) I had no sooner lain down than the telephone rang. / No sooner had I lain down

than the telephone rang.

24) My doctor says I'm too tired and has advised me not to take on any more work.

25) Jenny volunteered to clear up after the gathering.

26) The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance, but the name of the speaker is not.

27) Your performance in the exam did not reach the required standard - in other words, you failed.

28) She was so ill that she had to leave off work.

29) There is no way to tell what is going to happen. The case is in the hands of the

judge, and all we could do is to wait.

2. Translate the paragraph

当人们变得很老时,像祖父母或曾父母那样,他们有时不再能够照顾自己。

他们会生病,或者摔倒而折断股骨,或者他们根本都不记得该如何穿睡衣。有时

候虽然有些老人看起来还健康,但是因为他们自己独居,所以觉得很孤单。这时

候全家人要碰个头,商讨一下让他们日渐衰老的家人去养老院居住是否是一个较

好的办法,因为在那里他们可以得到更好的照顾。

The Answers to Unit 5

Enhance Your Language Awareness

(XXII) Working with Words and Expressions

2. (1) senior (2) defined (3) occur (4) options

(5) disturbed (6) soak (7) tossed (8) navigate

(9) matters (10) depressed

3. (1) became well acquainted with (2) took us by surprise (3) gather our thoughts (4) turned out (5) hang up (6) in reality

(7) In spite of

(8) lit up (9) hemmed and hawed (10) turned into (XXIII) Increasing Your Word Power

1. (1) a (2) e (3) c (4) e

(5) b (6) d (7) d (8) b

2. (1) covered (2) fears (3) covers (4) attack (5) fears

(6)

attacks

(7) visits; visited (8) touched (9) chat (10) touch

(11)match

(12) chats (13) match

3. (1) astonishment (2) accomplishments (3) have improved (4) appointment

(5) excitement (6) advertisements (7) developments

(8) argue

(9) enjoyed (10) encouragement

(XXIV) Grammar

Task 2:

1) I saw the door open 2) the office had been broken into

3) quite a few things had been stolen 4) had already come back to the office

5) the 200 dollars he had locked in his drawer was gone 6) had just bought 7) A few computers in the office had been stolen

(XXV) Cloze

(1) recent (2) surprise (3) sad (4) keeping (5) disturbing (6) inquiries (7) admitted (8) occurred (9) surgery (10) options (11) tightly (12) soaking (13) scent (14) gatherings (XXVI) Translation

1. Translate the sentences

30) We are good friends; however, he kept such an important matter from me, which

took me by surprise.

31) It doesn't matter if you can not get full marks for the exam; what matters is not to

lose confidence in yourself.

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