1任何年满18岁的人都有资格投票(vote)。(be eligible to)
Anyone over the age of 18 is eligible to vote.
2.每学期开学前，这些奖学金的申请表格就会由学校发给每一个学生。(apply for, scholarship)
A form to apply for these scholarships is sent by the university to each student before the start of each semester.
3. 遵照医生的建议，我决定戒烟。(on the advice of)
On the advice of my doctor, I decided to give up smoking.
4.公园位于县城的正中央。(be located in)
The park is located right in the center of town.
The university provides all the materials and facilities we desire.
Lu Xun is one of the greatest writer in China and one of the world’s outstanding men of letters. 2.大部分研究生选择了文学作为其研究领域，其余的选择了语言学。
Most graduate students chose literature as their field of study, and the rest made linguistics their choice.
People buy what kind of houses to live in on the basis of their special needs and on the advice of relevant experts.
These virtual teaching facilities enable overseas students from Asia and Africa to learn a foreign language in a real-life situation for a minimum of three months.
Students should check carefully that they are eligible to join this club before making their decision, as each of them is restricted to only one choice.
1. 他内心深处知道，他们永远也不会再见了。(in one’s heart)
Answer:He knew in his heart that they would never meet again.
2.他们同意出版他的第一本书后，他终于感到自己快要成功了。(on the road to)
Answer:He finally felt that he was on the road to success after they agreed to publish his first book.
3.他停下来喝了一口(a sip of)水，然后继续讲话。(resume)
Answer:He stopped to take a sip of water and then resumed speaking.
4.这个大项目使我们忙得今年都无法安排一次度假了。(engage; so much that)
Answer:The big proj ect engages us so much that we can’t manage to take a holiday this year.
5.氧气(oxygen)是气体中最重要的一种，正如水是液体中最重要的一种一样。(just as) Answer:Just as water is the most important of liquids, oxygen is the most important of gases.
1. 警察们正忙着填写关于这场事故的各种表格。(fill out)
Answer:The policemen are busy filling out forms about the accident.
2.我想在还车之前把油箱(fuel tank)加满。(fill up)
Answer:I want to fill up the fuel tank before returning the car.
3.如果你要投诉，最好遵循正确的程序。(follow the procedure)
Answer:If you want to make a complaint, you’d be tter follow the correct procedure.
Answer:We couldn’t have finished the experiment so soon without John’s help.
Answer:After the storm, the people on the shore anxiously scanned the lake for any sign of the boat
1 He had just been promoted to vice president of the company and wasn’t expecting another promotion in six months
2 Shortly after he graduated from school, he jumped to a satisfactory job.
3 Most colleges and universities have their homepages, enabling applicants to scan for the information available about the university they want to apply to.
4 With a click of her mouse, she submitted her assignment to the tutor and soon got the reply.
5 By accessing the website of the university she was going to study in, she saw color photos of the university, including a detailed map of the university campus.
1.没有身份证(ID card)我不能放任何人进来，但对你来说是例外(exception)。(in one’s case) Answer:I’m not supposed to let anyone in without an ID card, but I’ll make an exception in your case.
2.他已经从失败中汲取教训，不会犯同样的错误。(learn a lesson from)
Answer:He has learned his lesson from the failure and won’t repeat the mistake.
3.我对你的能力很有信心，相信你一定能成功。(have faith in)
Answer:I have great faith in your ability —I’m sure you’ll succeed.
Answer:Even though it was raining, we still went on with our match.
5.我醒过来时，发现自己躺在医院的床上。(find oneself doing)
Answer:I woke up to find myself lying on a hospital bed.
Answer:We need to cut down on our fuel consumption by having fewer cars on the road.
Answer:The rise in power costs has added to our burden.
3.你应该自己判断行事，别总是跟在你哥哥的后面。(follow the lead)
Answer:You should judge by yourself, and not always follow your brother’s lead.
Answer:That hairstyle is in fashion this year, but I am afraid it will be out of fashion next year. 5.在追求真理的过程中，我们注定(fate to)要遭受失败的痛苦。(in one’s quest for) Answer:We are fated to suffer from many failures in our quest for truth.
1.我从来没有停止考虑过我是否适合成为父母要我去做的人，虽然我一直听从父母的意愿I’ve never stopped to question whether I’m fit to be what my parents want me to be though I’ve always been listening to my parents.
All the things one has done are influenced by what his habits, his personality, or his way of life tell him he needs to do so.
College is a place where you can work with professors and scholars, so you can learn to be an expert in whatever field you want to be exploring.
Although I look to magazines for fashion, I am still affected by the traditional dressing styles. 5.因为人的本性让我们愿意打扮漂亮，所以我们往往跟着时尚模特的样子做。
Because human nature makes us want to look nice, we follow the lead fashion models give us.
Answer:I find it increasingly difficult to live within my income.
Answer:Modern politicians try to reach out to ordinary people in their TV speeches.
Answer:Pupils should be helped to adopt a positive attitude to life.
Answer:Everyone in the class is expected to participate in these discussions.
Answer:If you commit a crime you must expect to be punished.
Answer:She waited at the bus stop until the last bus came in.
Answer:If there is any way we can be of assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us.
Answer:How many crew does he need to sail his yacht?
4.虽然她的新书没有上一本好，但是我还是喜欢它。(not quite as)
Answer:I enjoyed her new book though it’s not quite as good as her last one.
Answer:Never before have I met such a kind person.
Never before had so many people gone in for jogging in this country.
All the people appeared to be excited the moment the rocket reared up into the sky when it suddenly exploded into a ball of flames.
It was 4:30 P.M. when the airplane was hijacked and directed to a neighbor country.
All 30 classmates came back for the reunion party, including nine alumni who are now working overseas.
All that remained as the police combed through the scene of the murder was a cigarette end still smoking and flashing in the darkness.
Answer:The bus slowed down and stopped to allow the passenger to get on board.
Answer:Many vehicles rolled by, but no one offered us a ride.
Answer:Please get off the grass.
4.他按妻子的吩咐，一下班就去了市场。(make one’s way)
Answer:He made his way to the marketplace right after work, as his wife had asked him to do. 5.值得庆幸的是，史蒂夫(Steve)从自行车上摔下来时没有摔断骨头。(luckily)
Answer:Luckily, Steve didn’t break any bones when he fell off his bike.
1.我们得把感情放在一边，从专业的(professional)角度来对待这件事。(from a...standpoint) Answer:We have to put aside our emotions and take it from a professional standpoint.
2.这部戏非常精彩，我很快就沉浸于激动人心的剧情之中。(lose oneself in)
Answer:The play was so wonderful that I soon lost myself in the excitement of it.
Answer:She hasn’t got any hobbies — unless you call watching TV a hobby.
Answer:He said that he had got the information first-hand from the Mayor himself.
Answer:Since you can’t answer the question, perhaps we’d better ask someone else
How can we find a proper way to steer disabled people toward success?
2.不错，她是做过很可怕的事，但她已因此而受到了惩罚，而且现在她也愿意为此作出补偿。It’s true that she did something terrible before, but she was already punished for that—and she’s willing to make it up for that.
In college there were periods when I was highly focused on reading detective stories, but for most of my college years I read a wide range of books on nature.
The gym isn’t the only place where you can exercise so as to keep energetic.
Staying motivated in your study can lead to success—unless your choice ends up a dead end for your career
1.由于公共汽车司机突然刹车(brake)，旅客们都不由自主地向前摔倒。(pitch forward) Answer:All the passengers pitched forward because the bus driver braked sharply.
2.这个协议将冲破对自由贸易设置的障碍。(break through; obstacle)
Answer:This agreement will break through the obstacles to free trade.
Answer:The taxi arrived soon after I rang for it.
Answer:My parents always waited up for me no matter what time I got home.
Answer:Talks between the two countries completely broke down, because neither of them wanted to give in.
1.那件工作很难做，不过我想试试看。(have a shot)
Answer:It’s a difficult job, but I’d like to have a shot.
2.这是一本关于商务实践而非理论的书。(as opposed to)
Answer:This is a book about business practice as opposed to theory.
3. 社会活动从未耽误她的学习。(in the way)
Answer:Social activities never get in the way of her studies.
4.直到1911年人们才发现第一种维生素(vitamin)。(It is not until...that)
Answer:It was not until 1911 that the first of the vitamins was identified.
Answer:Natural disast ers have obviously contributed to the country’s economic crisis
1 From that moment on, 11-year-old Daniel who played the leading role in the “Harry Potter” movies recognized that his life would never be the same.
2 He was a young man who believed that he will fulfill his dream no matter how many difficulties lie in the way.
3 It wasn’t until his wife was killed in the accident that he reali zed how important she had been in his life.
4 With fairy tale book in hand, I always felt I was ushered into a world of beauty and purity.
5 Just as an athlete achieves perfection by repeated training of a few actions of the larger routine day after day, a good student should make continuous efforts to improve himself on a regular basis 1.我们的婚姻很幸福，但我们也曾经历过许多坎坷。(ups and downs)
Answer:Our marriage is happy but we’ve had many ups and downs.
2.许多外语教师常常在课堂上自己讲得太多。(be inclined to)
Answer:Many teachers of foreign languages are inclined to talk too much themselves in class.
Answer:The famous actor keeps fit by working out for an hour every morning.
Answer:After a long heart-to-heart talk with him, her suspicion melted away.
5.目前我们没有职位空缺(vacancy)，但我们肯定会记住您的申请。(keep in mind) Answer:We have no vacancies now, but we’ll certainly keep your application in mind.
1. 他并不后悔说过的话，只是觉得他完全可以不用这种方式表达。(could have done) Answer:He did not regret what he had said but felt that he could have expressed it differently.
2.我们最好等到12月14日。那时大卫已考完试，就能和我们一起去度假了。(will have done) Answer:We’d better wait till 14 December. David will have had his exam by then, so he’ll be able to go on holiday with us.
3. 他正在做一个新项目，年底前必须完成。(work on)
Answer:He’s working on a new project which has to be finished by the end of the year.
4.他们让我们使用他们的实验室，作为回报，我们则让他们分享研究成果。(in return) Answer:They are letting us use their lab, and in return, we are sharing with them the results of our research.
Answer:Such things as making and answering telephone calls take up most of the secretary’s time.尽管他有病在身，他却是我们公司尤其是销售部的顶梁柱。
1 Despite his illness, he is a pillar of strength for our company and especially for the sales department.
2 She never feared difficulties, because she knew that no matter what, her parents’ concern and love would be there.
3 Tom decided to drop out of school, and Mr. Wilson tried to sway him from his decision, as any responsible teacher would.
4 As it turned out, the Chinese Women’s V olleyball Team went on to win one gold medal after another, an exciting event for the whole country.
5 Hang in there and your goal will certainly be achieved.
1.为了追求更为健康的饮食，人们现在比过去吃鱼多。(in pursuit of)
Answer:In pursuit of a healthier diet, people are eating more fish than they used to.
Answer:We need to have the roof repaired before the bad weather sets in.
Answer:The disease is spreading, and all young children are at risk.
Answer:The information is transmitted from one computer to another through a telephone line. 5.杰克是个相当好的赛跑运动员。他在大多数情况下都能获胜。(more often than not) Answer:Jack is a fairly good runner. He wins more often than not.
1 It sounds like this high-tech company has put in place many favorable measures to protect against brain drains.
2 The worry comes when paper-mills ignore the environmental pollution in pursuit of profits.
3 It’s vitally important that one attend a test-preparation class before taking a TOEFL test but this cannot be a one-off event if he really wants to have a good command of English.
4 The potent ial threat should always be in the back of a doctor’s mind and appropriate measures should be taken in no time once emergency arises.
5 In the end, science and education are the keys to a prosperous country and this is a continual process.
Answer:If you delete 50 words, we can put the whole story on one page.
Answer:On display were boxing gloves which bore the famous boxer’s signature.
3.我们想不通他怎么会干出那样的傻事。(figure out, dumb)
Answer:We can’t figure out why he did such a dumb thing.
Answer:The Johnsons were very kind to me. They made me feel like one of the family.
5.他们说，想就合同的细节和你谈谈。(in connection with)
Answer:They say they want to talk to you in connection with the details of the contract